Hammer Toe

Hammer Toe Overview

Hammer toe occurs when a toe curls down instead of pointing straight. Hammer toe symptoms make walking difficult and make it impossible to wear certain shoe types. An appointment with a Carolina Orthopaedic and Neurosurgical Associates’ (CONA) foot and ankle specialist should be made as soon as symptoms present.

Symptoms & Causes

Hammer toe symptoms include:

  • A visibility deformity
  • A corn or callus
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling

Hammer toe causes include:

  • High heels
  • Tight shoes
  • Toe injuries (break, jam, stub)

Common Treatments:

Nonsurgical treatment options treat most hammer toes. After a thorough evaluation, a CONA foot and ankle specialist may recommend:

  • Orthotics
  • Pads
  • Shoe changes
  • Shoe inserts
  • Stretching exercises

Surgery may be recommended to treat hammer toes that do not respond to nonsurgical treatment. A CONA foot and ankle specialist carefully releases the tendon to straighten the toe.

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